Phoenix Cross Country Ski Society
History of the city of Phoenix
History of the nordic ski club
The Ghost City of the Boundary
Phoenix is a ghost town in the Boundary Country of British Columbia, Canada, 11 km east of Greenwood. Once called the “highest city in Canada” by its citizens (1,412 metres / 4,633 feet above sea level) it was a booming copper mining community from the late 1890s until 1919. In its heyday it was home to 1,000 citizens and had an opera house, twenty hotels, a brewery and its own city hall. Phoenix’s magistrate, Judge Willie Williams, who served there from 1897 until 1913, became famous for his booming declaration, “I am the highest judge, in the highest court, in the highest city in Canada.” In 1911, Phoenix’s hockey team won the provincial championship and asked for the right to compete for the Stanley Cup, but it was too late to qualify. The Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company operated the Phoenix Mine, a copper mine that produced 13,678,901 tons of ore before operations ceased on June 14, 1919.
Copper was discovered at Phoenix in 1891, credited to American prospector named Bob Denzler. His discovery became the first of many claims and a settlement called Greenwood Camp was built, but it was not until 1895 that the full riches of the area were realized and the boom really began. The log cabins of Greenwood Camp were replaced by frame houses and brick homes. Then, in 1896, the Canadian Pacific Railway and the Great Northern Railway arrived. By then, with the exception of the one at Rossland, the output of the mines was exceeding the combined output of every other copper mine in British Columbia. The town got its own newspaper, the Phoenix Pioneer, in 1896 and on October 1, 1898, Greenwood Camp was renamed Phoenix when the first post office opened. By the early 1900s, Phoenix was a thriving community with electricity and telephone services, a hospital, banquet hall, ballroom, opera house and its own stage line. There was no lack of fine meals or accommodation: on the Christmas Day menu at the Brooklyn Hotel in 1911 the variety of delicacies included Russian caviar, Green Turtle soup and English plum pudding with brandy sauce.
When World War I ended in 1918, the price of copper dropped dramatically and Phoenix, which was completely reliant on its one industry, began to die. When the last ore was shipped out in 1919, thousands exited soon after. Many left their homes and belongings, making Phoenix the largest ghost town Canada had ever seen. In 1920 wrecking crews arrived to haul away the churches, halls, stores, skating rink and hospital – all of which were dismantled and re-erected in other communities.
An open pit mine operated in Phoenix during the 1950s and through to 1978 but the venture was ultimately abandoned and the mining had caused the historic buildings to be buried or bulldozed.
One remaining relic is Phoenix’s World War I cenotaph. Another memorial can be found in nearby Greenwood where the open pit miners of the seventies erected a commemorative phoenix bird sculpture to mark the hopes that someday Phoenix will rise again. In recent years, locals have restored the pioneer cemetery in Phoenix.
Dacha Construction [year 2000]
Brief history of the PHOENIX CROSS COUNTRY SKI SOCIETY
The PCCSS was started by a group of nordic ski enthusiasts in the 1970s. Some of the founding members were Jock Mackay and Betty-Anne Mackay from Grand Forks and Steve Stewart from Midway. The trails were initially groomed by the Ministry of Forests back when they still did that sort of thing. The machine operator’s name was Bob Keep and he still lives in Grand Forks. With changes to the Ministry in the 1980s the club was obliged to assume the grooming duties and in the 1990s bought a used snowmobile. This machine helped volunteers groom for many years until the club contracted grooming services more recently to Rick Bennett. At that time our snowmobile was deemed redundant and was gifted to the Phoenix Mountain Alpine Ski Society.
The Dacha shelter, at the top of our trail system was built by a group of volunteers in 2000. It was built using mostly repurposed materials and wood rails from the adjacent forest. Some of the people involved were Steve Faminoff, Louise Heck, Gary Weare, Larry Hudema, Lincoln Ford, Liz Huxter and Brian Fletcher. It was originally intended to be of use to skiers using the trail system but has since been used by a variety of recreational users including nordic skiers, ice fishers, cyclists, snowshoers and hikers.
For decades the club was run by many of the same individuals. It became evident that if the club was to move forward it would need to attract younger members. So we went on a membership drive and developed a junior ski program which were successful in attracting much needed new blood. The years of covid 19 [2020-2022] restrictions were especially critical in attracting new members to our club.
Recent developments of our club were;
1/ developing a website with membership registration, program enrollment and payment platform.
2/ initiation of adult and junior skill development programs.
3/ purchase of ski and roller-ski equipment for junior programs.
4/ purchase of a snow cat groomer with a grant from the RDKB.
5/ successful application of several smaller grants.
6/ hiring of a certified coach to lead our ski programs.